Fitted difference approach for differential equations with delay and advanced parameters

G. Sangeetha, G. Mahesh, K. Phaneendra

Abstract


A difference scheme involving acceptable fitting parameters is suggested for differential equations with delay and advanced terms, the solutions of which show boundary layer behaviour. First, the original problem is reshaped into asymptotically comparable second order singular perturbation problem using Taylor series approximation for the retarded terms. In order to obtain precise solution, fitting parameters are introduced in difference scheme using modified upwind differences for the first order derivatives. Thomas procedure is used to solve the resulting tri-diagonal difference system. The method is tested on numerical examples for various values of the perturbation, delay and advance parameters. Computed maximum absolute errors are tabulated. Numerical experiments are shown in graphs and the effects of small shifts have been studied on the boundary layer region. Also, convergence has been established of the proposed method.

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Published: 2020-02-13

How to Cite this Article:

G. Sangeetha, G. Mahesh, K. Phaneendra, Fitted difference approach for differential equations with delay and advanced parameters, J. Math. Comput. Sci., 10 (2020), 479-496

Copyright © 2020 G. Sangeetha, G. Mahesh, K. Phaneendra. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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