Delay in eco-epidemiological prey-predator model with predation fear and hunting cooperation

Karrar Qahtan Al-Jubouri, Raid Kamel Naji


It is recognized that organisms live and interact in groups, exposing them to various elements like disease, fear, hunting cooperation, and others. As a result, in this paper, we adopted the construction of a mathematical model that describes the interaction of the prey with the predator when there is an infectious disease, as well as the predator community's characteristic of cooperation in hunting, which generates great fear in the prey community. Furthermore, the presence of an incubation period for the disease provides a delay in disease transmission from diseased predators to healthy predators. This research aims to examine the proposed mathematical model's solution behavior to better understand these elements' impact on an eco-epidemic system. For all time, all solutions were proven to exist, be positive, and be uniformly bounded. The existence conditions of possible equilibrium points were determined. The stability analysis was performed for all conceivable equilibria in the presence and absence of delay.  When the feedback time delays reach a critical point, the existence of Hopf bifurcation is examined. The normal form theory and the Centre manifold theorem are commonly used to investigate the dynamic properties of bifurcating cyclic solutions arising from Hopf bifurcations. Some numerical simulations were presented to validate the theoretical conclusions and understand the impact of changing the parameter values.

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Published: 2023-08-21

How to Cite this Article:

Karrar Qahtan Al-Jubouri, Raid Kamel Naji, Delay in eco-epidemiological prey-predator model with predation fear and hunting cooperation, Commun. Math. Biol. Neurosci., 2023 (2023), Article ID 89

Copyright © 2023 Karrar Qahtan Al-Jubouri, Raid Kamel Naji. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Commun. Math. Biol. Neurosci.

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